Redgram is the most important pulse crop of India in terms of area and production. It is an important pulse in the predominantly vegetarian Indian diets. It is cultivated on an area 3.0 m ha in India (4.6 lakh ha in Andhra Pradesh), predominantly as a rainfed crop. However, this crop can also be cultivated as a winter season crop by sowing not later than 15th October.
Usually medium maturity genotypes are grown which matures between 180-200 days and hence, suffers from terminal moisture stress. Therefore, the yield levels are low (652 kg / ha). Because the yield levels are low, farmers also grow this crop under neglected management.
Utilizing the expertise of Dr. Satyanarayana Executive Director, NRI Agritech and a renowned pulse breeder in the country, who conceptualised a plant type to break yield barriers to realise higher yields. Rigorous search for ideotype characters and putting them together took more than a decade for Dr.Satyanarayana to come out with a reconstructed genotype with early medium duration (155-160 days) which can escape terminal moisture stress, with predominantly primary branches, so that fruits occurs all along the branch in branches. Medium tall 6.0’ which facilitates effective plant protection measures.
Two Verities have been released for marketing with new plant type traits viz; 1. ASR 001 ‘Raja’ 2. NRI R 002 ‘Arjun’
In addition utilizing the cytoplasmic genetic male sterility (CMS) mechanism, a three parental hybrid ‘KIRAN’ has been evolved with very high yield potential and good quality grain & Dahl.
In order to produce redgram round the year, a super early maturing variety (100 days) with less photo and thermo sensitivity has been developed and released for marketing in the name of NRI R 004 ‘ESWARI’ The important traits of NRI Agritech’s Redgram varieties / hybrids.
|Redgram||NRI R 002||Arjun|
|Redgram||NRI R 004||Eswari|
|Redgram hybrid||NRI RH 1||Kiran|
|YEAR||Market Projected Volume||Marketing value in (Rs. Crores)|