Mustard seed is produced in over 21 different countries. Canada is the world's leading producer of mustard seed. Canada, Nepal, and the Russian Federation typically combine to produce nearly 70 percent of total world mustard seed production. India is the fourth largest contributor of oilseeds in the world . Rapeseed and mustard occupied 35.4 lakh hectares with annual production of 16.18 lakh tonnes. In India, its cultivation is mainly in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, UP, Haryana and Gujarat & in some areas of south like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Yellow sarson is considered as Rabi crop in Assam, Bihar, Orissa and West Bengal whereas in Punjab, Haryana, UP and Himachal Pradesh it is a catch crop.
Mustard requires cool soil and hence taken up in rabi or 2nd season. There are over 40 different varieties of mustard plants, but three are the most popular for culinary use; black, brown, and white mustard seeds typically go into recipes and making mustard. All three varieties are found in India as well as other parts of the world. Mustard seeds and its oil is used for culinary purpose. Young leaves are used for vegetable purpose. Its oil cake is used for feeding cattle.
|Mustard||NRI M 001||Sneha|